Ethnicity and Multicultural Society

 

ETHNICITY and MULTICULTURAL SOCIETY- Reader

 

Main readings:

Anderson, Benedict (1983). Imagined Communities. Londra: Verso. [Hayali Cemaatler, çev. İ. Yaraşır, Metis, 1992.]

Hobsbawm, E. J. (1992). Nations and Nationalism and since 1780: Programme, myth, reality. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [1780’den Günümüze Milletler ve Milliyetçilik: Program, Mit, Gerçeklik, çev. Osman Akınhay, Ayrıntı, 1993]

Parekh, Bhihku (2000). Rethinking Multiculturalism: Cultural diversity and political theory. GB: MacMillan, [Çokkültürlülüğü yeniden düşünmek: kültürel çeşitlilik ve siyasi teori] Istanbul: Phoenix.

Kymlicka, Will (1995). Multicultural citizenship: a liberal theory of minority rights. Oxford, New York.

Taylor, Charles and Amy Gutmann (ed.) (1994). Multiculturalism: Examining the Politics of Recognition. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

Week 1: Introduction to the course and basic terminology 

How should we go about describing ethnicity, nationalism, and race? Should we treat them as primordial or as social constructions? If they were constructed, by whom or by what? What constrains/structures these constructions? What purposes do these constructions serve? Whom do they serve?

Readings:

Liebkind, Karmela. (1989). “Conceptual Approaches to Ethnic Identity,” in Karmela Liebkind (ed.) New Identities in Europe : Immigrant Ancestry and the Ethnic Identity of Youth.  Aldershot: Gower in assoc. with the European science foundation, pp. 25-40.

Week 2: Analysis of Ethno-political Mobilization

Readings:

Anderson, Benedict (1991). Imagined Communities. London, New York: Verso.

McCauley, Clark (2002). “The Psychology of Group Identification and the Power of Ethnic Nationalism,” in Daniel Chirot and Martin E.P. Seligman (eds.) Ethnopolitical Warfare: Causes, Consequences, and Possible Solutions. Washington, D.C: American Psychological Association, pp. 343-362.

Conner, Walker (1994). “A Nation is a Nation, Is a State, Is an Ethnic Group. Is a …,” in Ethnonationalism: The Quest for Understanding. Princeton, New York: Princeton University Press, pp. 90-117.

Week 3: Nationalism, Nation States, Future of Nation States

Readings:

Anderson, Imagined Communities.

O’Leary, Brendan (2002). “Nationalism and Ethnicity: Research Agendas on Theories of Their Sources and Their Regulation,” in Daniel Chirot and Martin E.P. Seligman (eds.) Ethnopolitical Warfare: Causes, Consequences, and Possible Solutions. Washington, D.C: American Psychological Association, pp. 37-48.

Hutchinson John and Anthony Smith (eds.) (1996). Ethnicity. Oxford: Oxford University Press (part 8: Transcending Ethnicity?).

Recommended:

Tønnesson, Stein (2004). “Globalising National States”, Nations and Nationalism 10 (1/2), pp. 179-194.

Week 4: Multiculturalism: Conceptual Introduction

Readings:

Parekh, Bhikhu (2002). “Giriş,” in Bhihku Parekh, Çokkültürlülüğü yeniden düşünmek: kültürel çeşitlilik ve siyasi teori, Istanbul: Phoenix, pp.1-19.

Rex, John (1997). “The concept of a multicultural society,” in Montserrat Guibernau and John Rex (eds.) The ethnicity reader: nationalism, multiculturalism, and migration. Cambridge: Polity Press, pp. 205-220

Kuper, Leo (1997). “Plural societies,” in Montserrat Guibernau and John Rex (eds.) The ethnicity reader: nationalism, multiculturalism, and migration. Cambridge: Polity Press, pp. 220-227.

 

Week 5: Political Structure of a Multicultural Society-I: Citizenship in Multicultural Societies

Readings:

Parekh, Bhikhu (2002). “Çokkültürlü toplumun politik yapısı,” in Bhihku Parekh, Çokkültürlülüğü yeniden düşünmek: kültürel çeşitlilik ve siyasi teori, Istanbul: Phoenix, pp.251-303.

Kymlicka, Will (1995). “The Politics of Multiculturalism,” in Will Kymlicka, Multicultural citizenship: a liberal theory of minority rights. Oxford, New York, pp. 10-33.

Taylor, Charles (1994). “The Politics of Recognition” in Amy Gutman (ed.), Multiculturalism: Examining the Politics of Recognition. (Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1994), 25-73.

 

Recommended:

Kymlicka, Will (1997). “Ethnicity in the USA,” in Montserrat Guibernau and John Rex (eds.) The ethnicity reader: nationalism, multiculturalism, and migration. Cambridge: Polity Press, pp. 229-247

 

Week 6: Multiculturalism- Issues of Human Rights and Social Justice

Readings:

Hammond, John (1997). Multiculturalism: the “Pluralist Dilemma.” Available at, http://www.multiverse.ac.uk/ViewArticle2.aspx?ContentId=14245

Balı, Ali Şafak (2001). “Çoğulcu Toplum, Çoğulcu Adalet Anlayışı,” in Ali Şafak Balı, Çokkültürlülük ve Sosyal Adalet, Konya: Çizgi Kitabevi Yayınları, pp. 183-291.

Week 7: Critics of Multiculturalism

Readings:

Fish, Stanley (1997). “Boutique Multiculturalism, or Why Liberals Are Incapable of Thinking about Hate Speech,” in Critical Inquiry, Winter 1997, Vol. 23, No. 2, available at http://criticalinquiry.uchicago.edu/issues/v23/v23n2.fish.html

Žižek, Slavoj (1998). Excerpt from a Leftist Plea for “Eurocentrism,” in Critical Inquiry, Summer 1998. Volume 24, Number 4. Available at, http://www.egs.edu/faculty/zizek/zizek-a-leftist-plea-for-eurocentricism.html

Powell, Timothy B. (2003). “All Colors Flow Into Rainbows and Nooses: The Struggle to Define Academic Multiculturalism,” in Cultural Critique 55, Fall 2003.  

Malik, Kenan (2002). “Against Multiculturalism,” in New Humanist; available at http://newhumanist.org.uk/523

 Vasta Ellie (2007). “Accommodating diversity: why current critiques of multiculturalism miss the point,” Centre on Migration, Policy and Society, Working Paper No. 53, University of Oxford.

Week 8: Mid-term & review

 

Week 9: Rethinking Multiculturalism: Post 9/11-7/7 critiques on Multiculturalism and related debates

Readings:

Radtke, Frank Olaf (1997). “Multiculturalism in welfare states: the case of Germany,” in Montserrat Guibernau and John Rex (eds.) The ethnicity reader: nationalism, multiculturalism, and migration. Cambridge: Polity Press, pp. 248-256.

Lloyd, Wong (2008). “Multiculturalism and Ethnic Pluralism in Sociology: An Analysis of the Fragmentation Position Discourse,” Canadian Ethnic Studies, 2008, Vol. 40, Issue 1, pp. 11-32.

Kundnani, Arun (2002). “The death of multiculturalism,” 1 April 2002, available in  http://www.irr.org.uk/2002/april/ak000001.html

Hartmann, Douglas and Joseph Gerteis (2005). “Dealing with Diversity: Mapping Multiculturalism in Sociological Terms,” in Sociological Theory, Vol. 23, No. 2, (June 2005), pp. 218-240.

Week 10: Multiculturalism and Education

Readings:

Turgeon, Wendy (2005). “Multiculturalism: Politics of Difference, Education and Philosophy for Children,” Analytic Teaching, Vol. 24, No. 2, pp. 96-109.

Levinson, Meira (2007). “Common Schools and Multicultural Education,” Journal of Philosophy of Education, vol. 41, no. 4, pp. 625-642.

Wang, Hongyu (2005). “Aporias, Responsibility, and the Im/Possibility of Teaching Multicultural Education, Educational Theory, vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 45-59.

Week 11: Multiculturalism and the Religious Debate

Readings:

Taylor, Charles (2009). “What is secularism,” in Geofrey Brahm Levey and Tariq Modood (eds.) Secularism, Religion and Multicultural Citizenship, UK: Cambridge University Press, pp. xi-xxii.

Statham, Paul, Ruud Koopmans, Marco Giugni and Florence Passy (2005). “Resilient or Adaptable Islam? Multiculturalism, Religion and Migrants’ Claims-Making for Group Demands in Britain, the Netherlands and France, Ethnicities, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 427-459.  

Mcauliffe, Cameron (2006). “Everyday Multiculturalism,” paper presented at Everyday Multiculturalism Conference, organized by Centre for Research on Social Inclusion of Macquarie University, 28-29 September 2006, , Sydney, Australia. 

Week 12: Ethnic Conflicts- Theories & Sample Cases

Readings:

Gurr , Ted Robert (1993). “Why minorities rebel: a global analysis of communal mobilization and conflict since 1945,” International Political Science Review, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 161-201.

David A. Lake and Donald Rotchild, “Spreading fear: the genesis of transnational ethnic conflict,” in Lake and Rotchild (eds.), The International Spread of Ethnic Conflict: Fear, Diffusion, and Escalation, Princeton: Princeton University Press, pp. 3-32.

Katz, Mark N. (1996). “Collapsed Empires,” in Managing Global Chaos: Sources of and Responses to International Conflict, edited by Pamela Aall (ed.), Washington, D.C.: United States Institute of Peace Press.

Ayoob, Mohammed (1996). “State making, state breaking and state failure,” in Chester Crocker, Fen Olser Hampson, and Pamela Aall (eds.), Managing Global Chaos: Sources and Responses to International Conflict, Washington DC: USIP Press.

 

Week 13: Reconstructing Post-conflict Multi-ethnic Societies- Theories

Readings:

Paris, Roland (2004). At War’s end: Building Peace after Civil Conflict, Cambridge: University of Cambridge Press, pp. 1-10.

Llamazares, Monica (2005). “Post-war Peacebuilding Reviewed: A Critical Exploration of Generic Approaches to Post-War Reconstruction,” Working Paper 14, Centre for Conflict Resolution, Department of Peace Studies, University of Bradford, UK.

Kaufman, Stuart J. (2006). “Escaping the Symbolic Politics Trap: Reconciliation Initiatives and Conflict Resolution in Ethnic Wars,” in Journal of Peace Research, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 201-218.

Norris, Pippa (2002). “Ballots, not bullets: testing consociational theories of ethnic conflict, electoral systems, and democratization,” in Andrew Reynolds (ed.) the Architecture of Democracy: constitutional design, conflict management, and democracy, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 206-248.

Recommended:

Paris, Roland (2002). ‘International peacebuilding and the “Mission Civilisatrice”’, Review of International Studies, Vol. 28, pp. 637-56.

Doyle, Michael W. and Nicholas Sambanis (2000). “International Peacebuilding: A Theoretical and Qualitative Analysis,” 1-58.

 

Week 14: Reconstructing Post-conflict Multi-ethnic Societies- Sample Cases

Readings:

Zeeuw, Jeroen de (2001). “Building Peace in War-Torn Societies: From Concept to Strategy,” Netherlands Institute of International Relations, Clingendael, Conflict Research Unit. August 2001.

Eileen R. Borris (2002). “Reconciliation in post-conflict peacebuilding: Lessons learned from South Africa,” in John Davies and Edy Kaufman (eds.) Second Track Diplomacy: Concepts and Techniques for Conflict Transformation, Lanharn: Rowan and Littlefield.

Bjelaković, Nebojsa (2002). “Reconciliation, Truth and Justice in the post-Yugoslav States,” in Southeast European Politics, vol. 3, no. 2-3 (November 2002), pp. 163-167.

Broome, Benjamin J. (2000). “Building Community in a Protracted Conflict Situation: Applications of Interactive Design Methodologies with Citizen Peace-building Efforts in Cyprus,” paper prepared for presentation at the Baylor University workshop on “Practical Theory, Public

Participation, and Community,” 27-29 January 2000.

Additional theme: Perspectives of Multiculturalism in Eastern Europe

Readings

Jelić, Dušan (2004). “Bosnian Cultural Polic and Multiculturalism: The Islamic Minaret, the Catholic Campanile and the Orthodox Steeple,” in Milan Mesić (ed.), Perspectives of Multiculturalism. Zagreb: Faculty of Philosophy, Croatian Commission for UNESCO, pp. 229-243.

Hristova, Svetlana (2004). “The Bulgarian Politics of Multiculturalism: Uses and Abuses”, in Milan Mesić (ed.), Perspectives of Multiculturalism. Zagreb: Faculty of Philosophy, Croatian Commission for UNESCO, pp. 245-258